Skip to Content Jump to Navigation Jump to Footer

If you or someone you know is facing charges related to second-degree robbery in New York City, it’s crucial to understand the significant weight this offense carries in the criminal justice system. As defined by New York Penal Law 160.10, second-degree robbery grants prosecutors substantial leverage over the accused, regardless of the circumstances surrounding the case.

A conviction for second-degree robbery can have severe consequences, with implications that extend far beyond the specific details of the incident. Even if the accused’s actions were not particularly egregious or there are mitigating factors at play, the punishment remains the same. In the event of a conviction, a judge is obligated to impose a prison sentence, ranging from a minimum of three and a half years to a maximum of fifteen years.

Given the gravity of these charges, it is essential for individuals facing allegations of second-degree robbery to seek the assistance of experienced criminal defense attorneys who can navigate the complex legal process and challenge the charges effectively. In a city like New York, where the criminal justice system can be unforgiving, having skilled legal representation becomes paramount.

We recognize the gravity of facing second degree robbery charges and the significant impact it can have on our clients’ lives. Our unwavering commitment is to provide comprehensive support and guidance to individuals navigating the complexities of the legal system in such challenging circumstances. In this blog post, we will explore how we assist our clients facing second degree robbery charges, offering them the expertise, advocacy, and personalized attention they need during this critical time. 

At  Ilganayev Law Firm, PLLC  we are dedicated to providing unwavering support and guidance to clients facing second degree robbery charges. Our experienced criminal defense attorneys offer expert legal representation, personalized defense strategies, emotional support, and a collaborative approach to help our clients navigate the complexities of their cases. We are committed to protecting their rights, advocating for their best interests, and striving for the best possible outcome. With our comprehensive approach and client-centered focus, we stand by our clients every step of the way, ensuring they receive the support they need during this challenging time.

The New York Penal Law defines different degrees of robbery based on the specific circumstances and elements of the offense. These subsections help differentiate the severity of the crime and determine the potential penalties. Some factors that may contribute to the classification of robbery in the second degree include the use of a weapon, causing physical injury, or the presence of additional aggravating factors. 


Robbery crimes in New York, as defined by Penal Law 160.05, 160.10, and 160.15, are incredibly serious offenses that can take various forms. Whether it involves physically assaulting and stealing from someone in Manhattan, using a knife to steal an iPhone in Brooklyn, firing a gun during a vehicle theft in Suffolk County, or a coordinated group effort to forcefully take jewelry from an individual, the gravity of the offense cannot be understated.

Robbery is considered one of the most severe crimes on the books, and if you find yourself arrested or indicted for robbery, it is crucial to mount the best possible defense with the assistance of a skilled criminal defense lawyer. Failing to do so may lead to imprisonment and incarceration if convicted, as the District Attorney will vigorously pursue these penalties when the judge delivers their verdict.

At  Ilganayev Law Firm, PLLC, we understand the seriousness of robbery charges and the potential consequences our clients face. Our team of experienced criminal defense lawyers in NYC has a deep understanding of New York’s legal system and a proven track record of successfully defending clients against robbery charges.


The commission of an Article 160 offense, also known as robbery, can be best described as the act of forcibly taking someone’s property. If physical force is used or threatened in order to seize property from another person, regardless of its value, size, quantity, or any other characteristic, it constitutes a violation of one of the three degrees of this offense. During the legal proceedings, such as the arraignment, Grand Jury, or trial, both the accused individual and their criminal defense attorney can anticipate encountering the three degrees of robbery offenses. These include Robbery in the Third Degree, as defined by Penal Law 160.05, Robbery in the Second Degree, governed by Penal Law 160.10, and Robbery in the First Degree, as outlined in Penal Law 160.15. While each offense shares the common foundation of forcible stealing, the severity of the crime escalates when there is an injury involved, multiple assailants, or the use of a weapon.


Similar to other violent felonies outlined in New York’s criminal law, a conviction for any degree of robbery carries a significant risk of imprisonment, even if it is not mandated by law. Specifically, if found guilty of Second or First Degree robbery offenses, the legal code stipulates a minimum incarceration period of three and a half (3.5) years and five (5) years respectively.    

The severity of the crime directly corresponds to the potential punishment and potential sentence. Robbery in the Third Degree, governed by Penal Law 160.05, is classified as a class “D” felony. Consequently, a first-time offender would not face a mandatory minimum jail term upon conviction, but a judge could impose a maximum sentence of seven years in prison. Robbery in the Second Degree, as per Penal Law 160.10, is categorized as a “C” violent felony, carrying a minimum prison term of three and a half years and a maximum of fifteen years for a first-time offender. Lastly, if the same individual is convicted of Robbery in the First Degree, specified by Penal Law 160.15, which is classified as a class “B” violent offense, they could face a maximum of twenty-five years in jail, with a mandatory minimum of five years in prison. This prospect can be alarming and places one’s life at stake. 


In the event that an individual forcibly appropriates property from another person, regardless of its nature, and receives assistance from an accompanying party, they shall be held liable for Second Degree Robbery as per the provisions of NY Penal Law 160.10(1). To clarify, the key distinction between Third Degree Robbery and Second Degree Robbery, as outlined in this section, lies in the presence of an additional individual who actively aids in the commission of the offense. It is immaterial whether the accused assumes the role of the principal offender or an accomplice; both parties involved would be subject to a minimum prison sentence of three and a half years, in contrast to a Third Degree Robbery charge which does not mandate such incarceration. It is prudent to note that the individuals alleged to have accompanied the accused need not be apprehended for this specific charge.

In New York, Second Degree Robbery is defined under New York Penal Law Section 160.10(1). This sub-section specifically addresses robbery offenses involving the use or possession of a firearm. Here are the key elements and implications of Second Degree Robbery under NY Penal Law 160.10(1):

Use or Possession of a Firearm: Second Degree Robbery is charged when a person, during the commission of a robbery, uses or displays a firearm or possesses a firearm with the intent to use it unlawfully against another person.

Robbery: The underlying offense of robbery involves forcibly stealing property from another person. It includes the use or threat of immediate physical force against the victim.

Class C Felony: Second Degree Robbery with a firearm is classified as a Class C felony in New York. Class C felonies are considered serious offenses and carry potentially significant penalties upon conviction.

Penalties: If convicted of Second Degree Robbery under NY Penal Law 160.10(1), the potential penalties may include imprisonment for a term ranging from 3 to 15 years, depending on the circumstances and the defendant’s prior criminal history.

It’s important to note that the specific details and potential penalties may vary based on the unique circumstances of each case. If you or someone you know is facing charges related to Second Degree Robbery under NY Penal Law 160.10(1), it is crucial to consult with a qualified criminal defense attorney who can provide personalized legal advice and guidance.


Robbery in the Second Degree, as outlined in New York Penal Law Article 160 and governed by New York Penal Law 160.10(2), bears resemblance to other forms of robbery in that it involves the act of forcefully taking property from a targeted individual. However, if you or any other individual involved in the crime causes physical injury, defined as inflicting a degree of “substantial pain” without resulting in long-term or debilitating harm, upon a non-participant or displays what appears to be a firearm or gun, the offense is elevated from Third Degree Robbery to Second Degree Robbery. Unlike the first subsection of this crime, the New York Penal Law does not mandate the presence or arrest of an accomplice for this particular charge. In addition to the increased severity of the offense to PL 160.10(2), conviction for Second Degree Robbery carries a more serious penalty of imprisonment ranging from three and a half years to fifteen years.

Subsection two of Robbery in the Second Degree encompasses several important elements that should be taken into consideration which are as follows; 

1) Extent of Physical Injury: It is crucial to recognize that even minor injuries, such as a bloody nose or a bruise, are sufficient to meet the requirement for this offense. The law does not require a significant injury; instead, any form of “substantial pain” or “impairment of physical condition” would satisfy this criterion.

2)Injured Party: It is not necessary for the person who sustains the injury to be the primary target of the robbery. This means that if someone other than the intended victim is injured during the commission of the robbery, it would still fall under this subsection.

3)Weapon Appearance: It is important to understand that in this subsection, it is not a valid defense to argue that the apparent weapon used during the robbery was not loaded or that it was actually an innocuous object like a ruler or a tape measure concealed under clothing. The prosecution only needs to prove, beyond a reasonable doubt, that you possessed an object that appeared to be a firearm, gun, revolver, or similar weapon.


NY Penal Law 160.10(3) pertains to the third and final section of Second Degree Robbery in New York. In this particular subsection, it is not necessary to have the assistance of one or two individuals, wield a firearm, or cause physical harm to another person. The distinguishing factor for this offense is that the stolen property, obtained by using force, must be a vehicle. This encompasses any type of car, irrespective of its make, model, or value. It is important to seek legal advice and refer to the specific language and provisions outlined in NY Penal Law 160.10(3) to fully comprehend the complexities and potential repercussions associated with this offense.


In the context of Second Degree Robbery under New York Penal Law 160.10, it is important to be aware that the prosecuting District Attorney is not limited to charging an individual with only one subsection. Instead, based on the evidence they possess, the District Attorney has the discretion to file a felony complaint or present multiple charges in front of a Grand Jury. Therefore, in a scenario where an individual is involved with three other people and during the course of stealing a vehicle, their accomplices assault a passenger, it is possible for the individual to face charges under NY Penal Law sections 160.10(1), 160.10(2), and 160.10(3) before a judge.

When it comes to Second Degree Robbery in New York, there are several crucial considerations to keep in mind. Second Degree Robbery involves the use or threat of physical force during the commission of a robbery. Understanding the specific elements of the offense, such as the intent to forcibly steal property and the presence of physical force or intimidation, is important. This offense is classified as a felony in New York, and the penalties can vary depending on factors such as the use of a firearm or other dangerous weapon. It is crucial to be aware of aggravating factors that can elevate the severity of the offense, such as causing physical injury to another person. Additionally, understanding potential legal defenses and strategies is essential in navigating Second Degree Robbery cases.

To protect citizens from second degree robbery, New York law enforcement agencies actively investigate reports of such crimes. By reporting incidents to the police, victims and witnesses provide crucial information that helps initiate investigations and apprehend the perpetrators. Additionally, New York law imposes severe penalties for second degree robbery. Conviction for this offense is classified as a violent felony, carrying significant prison sentences and potential fines. The severity of the punishment serves as a deterrent and aims to protect citizens from future incidents of robbery.

Furthermore, New York law allows for the enhancement of penalties in certain circumstances. For example, if a dangerous weapon is used during the commission of the robbery, the offense may be elevated to first degree robbery, which carries even harsher penalties.

In addition to the criminal justice system, New York law also provides resources and support for victims of second degree robbery. Victims may be eligible for compensation through the New York State Office of Victim Services, which helps cover expenses related to the crime, such as medical bills and counseling services.

When facing second degree robbery accusations, it is critical to have a competent legal team on your side. At Ilganayev Law Firm, PLLC, we are a leading criminal defense firm in NYC dedicated to shielding our clients from the grave repercussions of this conduct. Our experienced lawyers will work relentlessly to protect your rights and achieve the best possible solution for your case. We will carefully examine the facts of the alleged crime, such as the use of a weapon or the presence of multiple attackers, to undermine the prosecution’s case and make compelling arguments on your behalf.

Contact Ilganayev Law Firm, PLLC today for a consultation and allow us to guide you through this demanding legal procedure. Our knowledgeable legal team will investigate all available defense strategies to lessen the charges’ severity or result in a better outcome. With our skill, knowledge, and unrelenting dedication, we will fight for your rights and help you navigate the complexities of the criminal justice system.

For more information and to read our other blog posts, click here!

ATTORNEY ADVERTISING. This blog post is provided for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. For specific legal guidance related to your situation, please consult with an attorney.Prior results do not guarantee a similar outcome.

Leave a comment